School of Civil Engineering
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Department of Municipal Engineering

The nation and various levels of governments continually increase investment in municipal engineering and municipal infrastructure construction, which further shows that municipal engineering discipline has a prominent role in the national economic and social development and has good development prospects.

The discipline and department of Municipal Engineering at the Southeast University was established under such a demand. The municipal engineering department has its distinct advantages in the following aspects:

It owns a full line of teaching and researching areas including urban water industry and water environment, urban air pollution control, solid waste engineering, treatment, disposal and utilization, city fire protection and fire safety, municipal engineering structures, municipal underground engineering and so on. All these aspects possess strong research power, development values, and a broad market as well as social demand.

The main tasks of the discipline include but not limited to 1) relying on group-oriented advantages so as to apply and undertake internationally collaborate projects, national science and technology research and basic research projects, province-level, and municipal-level research projects; 2) closely aligning with all levels of governments and major technical problems existing in local economic development, actively undertaking and carrying out relevant science and technology, technology development, and providing the medium-term and long-term planning, technical advices and services for governmental departments; 3)undertaking large and medium-sized municipal infrastructure projects and the contract, design, configuration and technical advice of the associated environmental pollution control project ;4)at regular intervals organizing and carrying out all-levels and various academic conferences within the research community as well as internal and external academic exchanges; 5) combining with discipline construction, forcefully strengthening the cultivation of graduate students and the building of academic atmosphere.

Recently, the discipline has been selected to undertake national "863" technology end items, national natural sciences foundation monumental projects, surface projects and about ten other scientific and research projects. As a result, about 10 technological and academic awards, close to ten invention patents and patent of utility model, hundreds of scientific and technological papers and academic monographs have been accomplished. The discipline has been identified as one of the key disciplines in Jiangsu Province.

Faculty members of the discipline are primarily composed of professors and associate professors, most of whom are Ph.D. and Master supervisors. Their age constitution, knowledge structure, and education level are all close to optimal. The average age of the faculties is around 40 and two-thirds of them owning a doctorate degree. As a whole group, they behave united, progressive, strong, dynamic and innovative. After years of efforts, a number of them and their achievements have been renowned both domestic and internationally.

 

History of the Discipline of Municipal Engineering at Southeast University

The history of the discipline of municipal engineering at Southeast University dates back to the municipal gate of National Southeast University in the twenties of the 20th century. In the forties of last century, the predecessor of municipal engineering, health engineering group was merged into school of civil engineering of National Central University. In late seventies, Southeast University, one of the first universities directly administered by the Ministry of Education, funded its undergraduate program in environmental engineering which was classified as the derivative subject of municipal engineering. In 2000, the school of Civil Engineering was grated to confer doctorate degrees. Subsequently, municipal engineering became a small group with privileges to confer both master and doctoral degrees. In almost the meantime, a postdoctoral mobile station in Municipal Engineering was established.

In view of the history of the university, its origin can be traced back to 1902 when it was first founded as Sanjiang Normal College. Soon in June 1921 it was renamed as National Southeast University. One year later, Chancellor at the time Guo Bingwen appointed Professor Mao Yisheng as the university’s engineering director. However, Mechanical Engineering was the only department within the engineering division at that time. In March 1923, Mao Yisheng together with Li Shi and five professors jointly submitted a proposal to School Council for the establishment of Civil Engineering and Electrical Engineering department.

According to the proposal, Civil Engineering is the main force of engineering. Where there is an engineering school, there is Civil Engineering. The college of Mechanical Engineering has been established, so it becomes more urgent to establish a Civil Engineering College. Also, the construction project of the Civil Engineering College, roads, municipal groups, are in dire need. As part of the Department of Civil Engineering, Municipal Engineering was given birth. The Department of Civil Engineering at the time consists of three major divisions, namely Civil Construction, Construction Projects and Roads Department.

At that time the teaching programs and course curriculum were completely based on the Civil Engineering program of the United States, with emphasis on the implementation of general education and students’ practical abilities. Chinese, English, calculus, physics and together with other fundamental courses within the school were collectively coordinated by the department of Teaching Affairs at the university level. Major courses of Civil Engineering included engineering drawing, surveying (plane surveying, topographic surveying, and geodetic surveying), mechanics (applied mechanics, material mechanics, and hydraulics), engineering materials, geology, structural studies (structural mechanics), and steel-framed concrete works, road works, water works, sewage works. The school of Civil Engineering strives to maintain the highest academic level to meet the talents need from the society. Students majoring in Municipal Engineering were required to study professional compulsory subjects such as courses in Municipal Engineering and Urban Planning. The complementary courses include economics, accounting, project management focusing on students’ economic concepts and management capabilities.

In 1939, The National Central University established the Institute of Engineering Research joining together Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering. Then-department of Civil Engineering was divided into two subgroups: structural engineering and water conservancy projects. In 1941, water resources group was funded under the division of water resources. As a result, road engineering and sanitary engineering were built up.

From the foundation of the National Central University up to present, the teaching plans and course curricula of the school of Civil Engineering had experienced slight change. For freshmen and sophomores, basic courses such as Chinese, English, calculus, physics, chemistry, cartography, surveying, applied mechanics, material mechanics, engineering materials, engineering geology and motor learning, science and heat engine are the principal focus. Subject courses of the discipline such as structural mechanics, steel-framed concrete structures, road engineering, railway construction, lake engineering science, geodetic surveying were arranged for juniors. Based on their preferences and career goals, seniors were endowed to specialize in one of the several subprograms. Health work group includes water treatment, sanitary engineering, environmental sanitation, heating and ventilation, urban planning, sewage treatment, public health administration, advanced hydraulics, irrigation machinery and other relevant courses. At that time, teaching and training focus on application and the development of student's ability. For instance, the surveying class contains not only flat, topographic and geodetic surveying, but also a four-week internship term at the second semester of the third year. Juniors and seniors were required to take a variety of “plan courses” such as building design, water supply engineering, wastewater engineering design, concrete engineering, and hydraulic engineering design. The courses in curriculum comprise three levels: compulsory, compulsorily-elective and elective. Students are required to take not only the compulsory and compulsorily-elective course, but also part of the elective courses for graduation. Most courses were provided with one or more prerequisite courses. Those who fail in prerequisite courses are not allowed to take follow-ups. Therefore, it was a common phenomenon at that time that students could not graduate as scheduled. The dropout and deferment rate were comparatively high. Nevertheless, these high standards and strict rules help nurture the healthy, progressive and upward spirit of the academic community or even the whole country, exactly as reflected by many of the alumni.

Since 1923, civil engineering laboratories and equipment got improved and approached close to perfection day by day. In 1943, Guo Zuyuan, then-leader of the Central Experimental Institute of Sanitary helped fund the Sanitary Engineering specifically for elected seniors with scholarships. In the latter half of that year, the institute further launched a Sanitary Class at the graduate level. And part of the graduates from undergraduate sanitary engineering (Zhang Zhaoming, Yuan Rongqing, Peng Rui, Zhang Baoxian, Wang Qihuan, Wang Duo and Jiang Yulong) was admitted for further study. More than 10 courses were opened for them with Public Sanitary the main subject.

In 1947, with the help of the Central Experimental Institute of Sanitary, the sanitary engineering laboratory was established. The establishment of sanitary engineering laboratory was mainly for the purpose of teaching and water treatment analysis and monitoring. Test of sanitary bacteria from a variety of water samples and natural substances, water quality analysis and water treatment fall into the scope of the laboratory. The laboratory owned analytical balances, analytical weights, copper stills, drying furnaces, hydrogen ion concentration devices, nitrogen rectifier, hydrometer, suction machine, a full set of small-scale water purification plants and accessories, refrigerators, sterilizers, sterilization angle device, drying cylinder, Yan Shi cone, incubators and other equipment. According to the relevant historical data records, then-dean of China's water treatment, Mr. Xu Baojiu was teaching here from 1945 to 1946. With the recommendation of department head, Sha Yuqing and Ji Liangzhi, Mr. Hu Jiajun also joined to teach in sanitary group. Mr. Jiang Yulong, Lin Ting-chuen, Tu Renjun were students in the sanitary group in the department of Civil Engineering at the National Central University's.

In July 1950, the Ministry of Sanitary of the central government decided to train sanitary engineering talents. Two kinds of sanitary classes were planned to be introduced. Per the request of the Ministry of Education, department of Civil Engineering was responsible for the launch due to the lack of self-management condition. These two classes were a two-year special training curriculum preceded by four-year sanitation engineering education.

In September 1951, the Financial and Economic Committee of the Northwest Military and Political Committee proposed to train cadres for the northwest municipal construction and entrusted the school of Civil Engineering as training agent.

In 1952, central government decided to borrow the educational system of the Soviet Union. Both the teaching and researching of the school are reorganized by following the exact model of the Soviet Union. As a result, the sanitary engineering program got removed from the school of Civil Engineering. Until 1979, environmental engineering was reestablished as a derivative of municipal engineering, and since 1982 environmental engineering began to reenroll students. During the past 30 years, the subject has continued to grow. In 2000, doctoral programs in both municipal engineering and environmental engineering were granted by the Ministry of Education. In 2002, Water Supply and Sewerage Engineering resumed to enroll students. On September 13, 2004, the Department of Municipal Engineering was formally funded immediately followed by the foundation of the Municipal Engineering Research Institute on October 9. History moves forward forever, so does the Department of Municipal Engineering. Let us fight together as a collective group, rigorously, realistically, progressively, continuously, and innovatively. Let us always be united to contribute to the renaissance of Municipal Engineering.

 


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